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Institutional Challenges - Конвенция о биологическом разнообразии

Institutional Challenges
A completely different type of challenge lies in the organization of the Convention. This week, you will all have the opportunity to look at the CBD as an international organization. How effective is the Convention really and how could it be improved? Key words here are to increase the triad of transparency, flexibility, and efficiency.

a. The Conference of the Parties and its Bureau

The Conference of the Parties as the governing body of the Convention has succeeded in guiding the process of translation of the provisions of the Convention into work programmes for implementation. However, the agendas of the COP meetings are heavy and as such there is a need for a mechanism to prioritize the issues that deserve substantive consideration by the COP. I believe that the multi-year work programmes as adopted at COP-7 is an important step forward in this direction. The COP should adhere to the list of priority items it identified and adopted.

There is also a need to limit the number of contact groups, friends of the Chair and other informal groups during the COP meetings.

There is a need to empower developing countries and countries with economies in transition to participate with more than one delegate. And there is a need to ensure the participation of representatives of indigenous and local communities in every meeting.

Leadership is crucial.

One of the major responsibilities of the COP as stipulated in decision IV/17 is its mandate to decide on the level and term of office of the Executive Secretary to the Convention. While we fully recognize the discretionary power of the United Nations Secretary-General to appoint senior staff members; such appointments however, should be in accordance with decisions of the Conference of the Parties. In the case of the CBD, the Administrative Arrangements between UNEP and the CBD require full consultation with the COP, through its Bureau, which retains the authority to determine the level and term of office of the Executive Secretary.

Here a critical remark is needed.

I must record my deep concern that this was disregarded and compromised particularly by the recent developments. I therefore fully endorse the recommendation of the Bureau that calls for the establishment of a transparent and objective appointment process during COP-8 for its immediate application. This is without prejudice to the skills and capacities of the newly-appointed Executive Secretary.

The achievements of the current management of the Secretariat to the Convention are well-known and undeniable. The international recognition and respect awarded to the Convention is one of many positive outcomes of the hard work, dedication and vision exercised by the present leadership of the Secretariat.

It was surprising to read the press release issued by UNEP in late June of this year announcing the change in leadership at the CBD Secretariat for several reasons.

This change was not undertaken in consultation with the COP and its Bureau as required by COP decisions, and disregarded the authority of the COP with regard to the level and term of office.

Ironically, this is taking place at a time when the United Nations Secretary-General has embarked on the reform of the Organization to render it more transparent and accountable to its member States.

We and you, as the Parties to the Convention, should ask ourselves and yourself the question is this the way we would like to work in the future?

b. The programmes of work, tools and guidance developed under the Convention

The COP through the work of SBSTTA, the Secretariat, and the establishment of issue-specific working and expert groups succeeded in adopting a series of thematic programmes of work and cross-cutting issues, guidelines and tools to guide the implementation of the Convention at the national level in accordance with their national priorities.

It also succeeded in launching the first Global Biodiversity Outlook, set the 2010 Biodiversity Target and adopted its first Strategic Plan to portray itself as the key international treaty for sustainable development, just to mention a few.

In this regard, I wish to pay tribute to the Secretariat of the Convention and all the delegations for the proactive and visionary role and securing the substantive and financial resources for these processes particularly for developing countries participation.


I must emphasize though that the effective implementation requires the availability of additional financial resources.

c. The Secretariat

The Secretariat has evolved considerably since the appointment of the current Executive Secretary who managed to put in place an invigorated Secretariat with professional and motivated staff able to respond to the needs of the Conference of the Parties.

It is only fair to state that the Secretariat achieved its mandate and is behind all the success and achievements under the Convention.

As the Convention is now in its implementation phase there is a real need to forge stronger and active partnership with key serious and committed organizations such as FAO, UNDP, WIPO, UNESCO and IUCN .

It is my concrete view that the Secretariat is not in a position to be involved with implementation at the national level.

We should learn from the experience of other UN organizations that pushed for a role at the national level while failed to secure the necessary resources.

To conclude, I would like to take this opportunity to say a few words of appreciation to Hamdallah Zedan and his predecessors.

The Convention, despite the challenges that lie ahead, has come a long way in the last twelve years.

Without a strong, capable executive secretary none of this would have been possible.

A ship cannot function without its Captain.

Similarly the convention is lost without a strong man to oversee its activities.

Hamdallah, you have provided the organization with a strong leadership that has become renowned in the UN system for its excellent administration and organization.

The Secretariat’s preparatory work has been an example to other institutions.

I commend you for that and all the people who work in the Secretariat.

Dear friends,

I have always admired and respected Hamdallah’s active involvement with the large scope of issues that the Convention covers.

It is admirable the extent to which you were always able to master this vast web of information. It also made it so much easier for us to approach you on any subject at any time. The Convention will lose a great leader.

Much of the achievements of the CBD can be attributed to your committed spirit and ceaseless energy. For all your work and dedication I would like to propose to the delegates that you honour Hamdallah at COP-8 with the appointment as Honorary Secretary

Dear delegates,

It is such a waste to lose someone of such expertise with a brilliant network. We speak of sustainability at a drop of a hat, but are we really conserving and making sustainable use of our natural resources? I’m thinking specifically about the many outreach activities that the CBD is involved in. But how can we do this?

I recently watched a movie and it hit me.

UNICEF, as many of you know, has Ambassadors to do their outreach activities. So, why should we not appoint Hamdallah as the first Ambassador for the CBD? I hope that the bureau can give a follow up to these two proposals.

For this and other reasons, I would like to have my statement be included verbatim and in its entirety in the body of the report of this meeting.

I would like to close now: let us forget ourselves, let our universal love for nature and biodiversity bridge our gaps and differences, so that we will be remembered as people who found and built on a common understanding for the conservation and sustainable use of our biodiversity. We cannot forget at the same time that we cannot segregate the importance to conserve biodiversity from the very real needs of people that depend on the same biodiversity for their daily life and existence!

Thank you.


* UNEP/CBD/COP/8/1.

1/ Расходы на проведение совещания экспертов (включая 12 экспертов из развивающихся стран и стран с переходной экономикой) колеблются в пределах 40 000 – 60 000 долл. США в зависимости от места проведения совещания и участия секретариата Конвенции о биологическом разнообразии, если совещания проводятся не в Монреале.

2/ Обобщение решений уже поручено провести к восьмому совещанию Конференции Сторон (решение VII/33).

3/ Обобщение решений совпадает с углубленным обзором тематических программ работы и сквозных вопросов.

4/ Прочие вопросы.

5/ Обобщение решений совпадает с обзором стратегических вопросов для оценки достигнутых результатов и оказания поддержки осуществлению Конвенции.

/…


Из соображений экономии настоящий документ напечатан в ограниченном количестве экземпляров. Просьба к делегатам приносить свои копии документа на заседания и не запрашивать дополнительных копий


2010-07-19 18:44 Читать похожую статью
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